Formulation of Bioethanol From Pineaple Skin Waste and Applicated as Wax Inhibitors

Fadly, Fadilul and Afdhol, Muhammad Khairul and Hidayat, Fiki and Yuliusman, Yuliusman and Nordin, R M and Hasibuan, Rosdanella and Hakim, Mahmud (2022) Formulation of Bioethanol From Pineaple Skin Waste and Applicated as Wax Inhibitors. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 1034. ISSN 1755-1315

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The problem of paraffin wax deposition is one of the problems that occurs in the oil industry which causes blockages during the oil production process. To prevent this problem, you can use a chemical method is injecting wax inhibitors. one of the effective wax inhibitors is solvent. So this paper aims to produce bioethanol solvent through biomass engineering, namely pineapple skin waste. For the production of bioethanol through several methods, namely pretreatment, hydrolysis which aims to convert cellulose into glucose with HCl acid, fermentation which aims to convert glucose into bioethanol with the help of saccaromyces cerevisiae yeast and finally distillation. The result in the hydrolysis process with concentrations of HCl 1M, 2M, 3M, 4M and 5M produces glucose 7 Brix, 16 Brix, 20 Brix, 21 Brix and 24 Brix. And with variations in heating time of 1 hour to 5 hours, the optimum glucose was obtained at 3 hours of 24 Brix. The results of fermentation with a variation of 1 day to 6 days, the optimum bioethanol content in fermentation for 3 days is 18%. 18% bioethanol is mixed into waxy crude oil with a pour point value of 43°C, and the result is able to reduce the pour point is 3°C. To increase the decrease in the pour point of bioethanol, it is blend with a toluene, and the result is to reduce the pour point value by 8°C. So it can be concluded that mixing bioethanol and toluene as a solvent can inhibit paraffin wax deposition

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: > Teknik Perminyakan
> Teknik Perminyakan
Depositing User: Monika Winda Monika
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2023 04:53
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2023 04:53

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