Pembuatan Biopolimer Dari Ekstraksi Pektin Kulit Buah Nangka Untuk Peningkatan Produksi Minyak Tahap Lanjut

Perdana, Restu Hamdi (2022) Pembuatan Biopolimer Dari Ekstraksi Pektin Kulit Buah Nangka Untuk Peningkatan Produksi Minyak Tahap Lanjut. Other thesis, Universitas Islam Riau.

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Abstract

Appropriate handling to overcome the problem of high water cut and can increase the recovery factor can be done by using polymer flooding. Currently, the use of polymers in the oil and gas industry is mostly done with synthetic polymers of the HPAM type, while nature-based polymers have not been developed for the oil and gas industry. This research was conducted with the aim of making an alternative, nature-based biopolymer formed from the extraction of jackfruit peel pectin as a substitute for commercial polymers. The manufacture of this biopolymer is carried out by means of laboratory tests using conventional methods with a chemical extraction process on jackfruit skin. The raw material used is jackfruit skin (Artocarpus integer). Processing of jackfruit skin into pectin is carried out by several procedures such as extraction using citric acid, purification of pectin with 96% ethanol, FTIR characterization test, density test, viscosity test, shear rate test, and the effect of salinity. The FTIR test showed that pectin was formed after the extraction step, as evidenced by the structure of the pectin-forming groups which was similar to commercial pectin. The deposition of impurity particles contained in the pectin content is evidenced by the lack of optimal pectin to increase the viscosity of water. The increase in viscosity will occur as the concentration of pectin increases. Jackfruit pectin is able to survive in solutions that have high salinity, as evidenced by the higher the salinity of the solution, the thickening process continues. The decrease in viscosity occurs due to the high shear rate and very high salinity, this is caused by the breakdown of gel formation by these various factors.

Item Type: Thesis (Other)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Extraction Biopolymer, Pectin, Polymer Flooding, Biopolymer, EOR
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
Divisions: > Teknik Perminyakan
> Teknik Perminyakan
Depositing User: Mohamad Habib Junaidi
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2022 09:28
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2022 09:28
URI: http://repository.uir.ac.id/id/eprint/12044

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